The replacement for the 31 series Cedric, the 130 series, was a radical departure from the previous model, in a number of ways. The 130 series was a complete change of direction for Nissan, not just in terms of the appearence of the car, but also the manufacturing processes and a general philosophy about where the car sat in the international marketplace.
The 130 went into production in October 1965, and went on sale early in 1966. The previous model had been designed completely in house at Nissan, but for the 130 series a contract to design the car was given to the Pininfarina design studio in Italy. What Pininfarina came up with was something that, not surprisingly, had a very Italian feel. Although it's overall length was almost identical to the 30/31 series, it's height was a full 50mm less, which gave it the appearence of being much longer. The thin pillars, flat roofline and large glass area gave it a light and airy feel to the glasshouse area. The new car sat on smaller 13 inch wheels (the 31 had 14 inch), which were spread further apart on it's longer wheelbase.
The manufacturing process was greatly simplified thanks to there now being only one sedan body on which all the different models were based. The previous 31 series had four completely different wheelbase lengths to accomodate the 4 and 6 cylinder engines, as well as different length front and back doors depending on which specification was required. The madness of the 4 different body shells was all done away with for the 130, which had the same body regardless of whether it was a top of the line Special Six or a base model Standard 4 cylinder.
Nissan also realised that the type of person interested in buying this class of vehicle expected more in terms of performence than that which a 4 cylinder engine could deliver. They answered this by making the 1992cc 109hp OHV 6cyl. J20 engine the standard engine for the Custom and Standard models, and then offering the 1983cc 99hp OHV 4cyl. H20 engine only as an optional base model engine. The J20 engine was basically the 4 cylinder J series engine with an extra 2 cylinders added to it.
Also introduced at this time was the new L20 1998cc OHC 6cyl. engine, which produced 123hp. This was Nissan's first overhead cam engine, with much of the development work having been carried out by Yamaha Motor. The L series engine was an engineering masterpiece. Powerful and virtually indestructable, it became the cornerstone to Nissan's radid expansion throughout the late 1960s and 1970s, and remained the primary engine series used by Nissan right into the mid-1980s. Datsun 510 and 240Z owners all claim the L series engine as their own, but the fact remains that the L series engine was initially designed and built for the 130 series Cedric, it was years before it was fitted to any other vehicles. The L20 fitted to the Cedric (later refered to as the L20A, after the introduction of the 4 cylinder L20B engine) was fitted with two Hitachi side drought carburetors similar to those used on the Fairlady.
A Diesel version with the SD22 4cyl. 2164cc 70hp engine was also available.
The tail lights on the 1966 130 are approximately 200mm tall and 170mm wide, with an amber indicator on top, a stop light in the middle and a clear reversing light on the bottom.
Nissan may have made life simpler for themselves by reducing the number of different bodies down to only one, but they made things more complex by having different grilles for each model.
The grille on the Custom Six model has 6 horizontal bars and 4 vertical bars. It has a red badge in the centre with Nissan on top and a Cedric Star below. The grille on the Standard model has 9 horizontal bars, with the 2nd and 6th bars being slightly thicker. The grille badge is the same as the Custom, except it is black instead of red. The grille on the Special Six model has one wider full-length horizontal bar that goes under the headlight binnacles, with 5 thin horizontal bars above it and 3 below. It has a Cedric Star emblem in the middle and a Special badge to the right.
The badges on the Standard Six say Cedric Six on the side and the back. The badges on the Custom Six say Cedric Custom Six on the side and the back. The badges on the Special Six say Cedric Special Six on the side and the back. The badges on the Standard four cylinder model say Cedric on the side and the back. The badges on the deLuxe four cylinder model say Cedric deLuxe on the side and the back.
The dashboard has 4 round dials around a bar speedo. It now has fake plastic wood on the dashboard instead of real wood.
The Mark I 130 series was in production until October 1966, when it was replaced with the slightly modified Mark II version.
The 130 was available in a bewildering variety of different model variations, there are at least 35 different model variations that I know of. The main models available in 1966 are listed below, but this is not a complete list of all variants.
This car is fitted with the H20 1982cc 4 cyl engine. Has painted door window frames, smaller hubcaps that only partially cover the whole wheel, only one sunvisor and vinyl upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric'.
The Standard has the 1973cc 6 cyl engine. Has painted door window frames, smaller hubcaps that only partially cover the whole wheel, only one sunvisor and vinyl upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric Six'.
The Diesel version has the same equipment level as the Standard but has the SD22 4cyl. 2164cc 70hp Diesel engine with a 3 speed gearbox.
1973cc 6 cyl engine. Has stainless steel door window frames, hubcaps that cover the whole wheel, stainless steel roof drip channel mouldings and cloth upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric Custom Six'.
The Special Six was the top of the range model. It had the new 1998cc 123hp OHC 6cyl twin carb engine. Has stainless steel door window frames, hubcaps that cover the whole wheel, stainless steel roof drip channel mouldings, bucket seats and vinyl upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric Special Six'.
The wagon version had the J20 1973cc 6 cyl engine. It has stainless steel door window frames, hubcaps that cover the whole wheel, stainless steel roof drip channel mouldings and vinyl upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric Wagon Six'.
The van variant has the J20 1973cc 6 cyl engine. It's equipment levels are similar to that of the Cedric Standard sedan. It has painted door window frames, smaller hubcaps that only partially cover the whole wheel, only one sunvisor and vinyl upholstery. Side emblems say 'Cedric Six'.
Length - 4680mm
Width - 1690mm
Height - 1455mm
Wheelbase - 2690mm
Weight - 1280kg
Top speed - 150kph
Column change 3 speed
Column change 4 speed
3 speed Borg Warner Auto
OHC 6 Cylinder
Model - L20
Capacity - 1998cc
Bore & Stroke 78x69.7mm
Power - 123bhp@5200rpm
Compression - 9.0 : 1
Carburettor - Twin 38mm Hitachi side draught
OHV 6 Cylinder
Model - J20
Capacity - 1973cc
Bore & Stroke 76x78.6mm
Power - 109bhp@4800rpm
Compression - 8.3 : 1
Carburettor - Hitachi dual throat down draught
OHV 4 Cylinder
Model - H20
Capacity - 1982cc
Bore & Stroke 87.2x83mm
Power - 99bhp@5000rpm
Compression - 8.2 : 1
Carburettor - Hitachi dual throat down draught
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